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Medicine

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Respiratory

Question
3 out of 15
 

All of the following are causes of Transudative pleural effusion Except: (PGI-May-2012)



A Nephrotic syndrome
B Rheumatoid arthritis

C Constrictive pericarditis
D Myxedema

E Pulmonary embolism

Ans. B

Rheumatoid arthritis, E . Pulmonary embolism

Definitions

1). A pleural effusion is fluid in the pleural space.

2). Effusions can be divided by their protein concentration into transudates (<3gm%) and exudates (>3gm%).

3). Blood in the pleural space is a hemothorax; pus in the pleural space is an empyema, and chyle (lymph with fat) is a chylothorax.

4). Both blood and air in the pleural space is called a hemopneumothorax.

Causes (Ref. H-18th Pg-2180, Table 263.1)

Transudates may be due to

1). Increase venous pressure (cardiac failure, constrictive pericarditis, fluid overload),

2). Hypoproteinemia (cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome malabsorption).

3). Hypothyroidism

Respiratory Flashcard List

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