Common Pediatric Infections
All of the following strategies are effective in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV except -: (AIIMS Nov 2013)
|A||Zidovudine to mother & baby|
|B||Vaginal cleansing before delivery|
|C||Stopping breast feeding|
|D||Elective caesarean section|
Vaginal cleansing before delivery
Methods to prevent vertical transmission
a. Antiretroviral prophylaxis-
i. Vertical transmission can be prevented substantially by giving sntiretroyiral therapy to mother and early prophylaxis to newborn.
b. Caesarean delivery -
i. Elective caesarean section reduces the risk of transmission by 50% in women with or without ZDV treatment.
c. Breast feeding -
i. Because breast milk can carry the virus, breast feeding by HIV infected mothers is cortraindicated.
ii. Howeyer Dutta./obs xrites -
"In the developing world, where alternative forms ofinfant nutrition are not safe, minor risk associated with breastfeeding may be accepted. Mother is counselled as regards the risk and ienefits. She is helped to make an informed choice.