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Biochemistry

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Vitamins, Harmones and Hemoglobin

Question
4 out of 30
 

An individual with insulin resistance:



A Usually shows elevated fasting glucose levels

B Usually shows elevated fasting insulin levels

C Will eventually become diabetic

D Is rarely obese

Ans. B Usually shows elevated fasting insulin levels.

a. Insulin resistance is the decreased ability of target tissues, such as liver, adipose, and muscle, to respond properly to normal circulating concentrations of insulin.

b. Obesity is the most common cause of insulin resistance.

c. Most of the people with obesity and insulin resistance do not become diabetic.

d. In the absence of a defect in β-cell function, nondiabetic, obese individuals can compensate for insulin resistance with elevated levels of insulin. The elevated insulin levels normalize fasting blood glucose levels.

e. Insulin resistance without overt diabetes requires no pharmacological treatment.

Vitamins, Harmones and Hemoglobin Flashcard List

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