Vitamins, Harmones and Hemoglobin
An individual with insulin resistance:
|A||Usually shows elevated fasting glucose levels|
|B||Usually shows elevated fasting insulin levels|
|C||Will eventually become diabetic|
|D||Is rarely obese|
a. Insulin resistance is the decreased ability of target tissues, such as liver, adipose, and muscle, to respond properly to normal circulating concentrations of insulin.
b. Obesity is the most common cause of insulin resistance.
c. Most of the people with obesity and insulin resistance do not become diabetic.
d. In the absence of a defect in β-cell function, nondiabetic, obese individuals can compensate for insulin resistance with elevated levels of insulin. The elevated insulin levels normalize fasting blood glucose levels.
e. Insulin resistance without overt diabetes requires no pharmacological treatment.