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Introduction

 

  1. BMW Management
    1. Hospital Waste Composition?
  1. Paper: 15%
  2. Plastic: 10%
  3. Rags: 15%
  4. Metals (Sharps, etc): 1.0%
  5. Infectious waste: 1.5%
  6. Glass: 4.0%
  7. General waste (food waste, sweeping of premises) : 53.5%
  1. Biomedical Waste Management (BMW) in India
    1. Biomedical Wastes (BMW) in India are handled and managed under 'Biomedical Waste Management (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998'Q
    2. Exercising powers: Sections 6, 8, 25 of 'Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986' (under the Ministry of
    3. Environment and Forests)
    4. Schedules under Biomedical Waste Management (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998:
      1. Schedule I: Categories of BMV'{, treatment and disposal
      2. Schedule II: Color coding and type of container for BMW disposal
      3. Schedule III: Labels for BMW containers/bags
      4. Schedule IV: Label for transport of BMW containers/bags
      5. Schedule V: Standards for treatment and disposal of BMW
  2. Categories of Biomedical Wastes (BMW) (Schedule IQ)

 

Cat

BMW

 Wastes includedQ

 1

 Human Anatomical Waste

 Human tissues, organs, body parts

 2

 Animal Waste

 Animal tissues, body parts, organs, carcasses, fluids, blood

 3

 Microbiology and
 Biotechnology Waste

 Waste from lab cultures, stocks, specimens of microorganisms,
 live or attenuated vaccines, cell cultures (human/animal), wastes
 from production of biologicals, toxins

 4

 Waste Sharps

 Needles, syringes, blades, scalpels, glass

 5

 Discarded Medicines and
 Cytotoxic Drugs

 Outdated contaminated and discarded medicines

 6

 Soiled Waste

 Items contaminated with blood, and fluids, including cotton,
 dressings, soiled plaster casts, linen, beddings

 7

 Solid Waste

 Disposable items (except sharps) including tubing, catheters,
 intravenous sets

 8

 Liquid Waste

 Waste generated from lab and washing, cleaning, housekeeping
 and disinfecting activities

 9

 Incineration Ash

 Ash from incineration of any BMW

 10

 Chemical Waste

 Chemical used in disinfection (insecticides) or in production of

 

 biologicals

 

  1. Treatment/Disposal of Biomedical Wastes (Schedule IQ)

 Cat

 BMWQ

 Treatment/disposal

 1.

 Human Anatomical Waste

 Incineration/deep burial

 2.

 Animal Waste

 Incineration/deep burial

 3.

 Microbiology and
 Biotechnology Waste

 Local autoclaving/microwave/incineration

 4.

 Waste Sharps

 Chemical treatment autoclaving/microwave and mutilation/shredding

 5.

 Discarded Medicines and
 Cytotoxic Drugs

 Incineration/destruction/secured landfills

 6.

 Soiled Waste

 Incineration/autoclaving/microwave
 I

 7.

 Solid Waste

 Chemical treatment autoclaving/microwave, mutilation!shredding

 8. 

 Liquid Waste

 Chemical treatment

 9.

 Incineration Ash

 Sanitary landfill
 I

 10.

 Chemical Waste

 Chemical treatment and secured landfill (for solids)
 I

 

  1. Colour Coding and Type of Container for BMW Disposal (Schedule IIQ)

 Color coding

 Type of container?

 BMW category

 Treatment option?
.:~

 Yellow

 Plastic bag

 1,2,3,6

 Incineration! deep burial
 I

 Red

 Disinfected container/
 Plastic bag

 3,6,7

 Autoclave/ Microwave/ Chemical treatment

 Blue/ White translucent

 Plastic bag

 4, 7

 Autoclave/ Microwave/ Chemical treatment and
 Destruction/ Shredding

 Black

 Plastic bag

 5,9, 10 (solid)

 Secured landfill

 






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