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Medicine

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Respiratory

Question
8 out of 11
 

Bronchoscopy is used to visualise all the following EXCEPT (AIIMS May 2010)



A Subcarinal nodes

B Trachea

C Vocal cords

D First division of subsegmental bronchioles

Ans. A

Subcarinal nodes

(Ref. Head and Neck Surgery - Otolaryngology (2-Volume Set) 3rd edition page - 234)

Flexible laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy

1). Endoscopy of the upper airway offers excellent visualization of the airways with both rigid and flexible endoscopic equipment.

2). Flexible systems offer greater diagnostic capabilities because they can be used to visualize subsegmental bronchi and the upper lobe bronchi, which are beyond the reach of rigid scopes.

3). Rigid endoscopes are far superior in their use for biopsies, obtaining cultures, retrieval of foreign bodies, and surgical intervention.

4). Upper airway endoscopy may be used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

5). Diagnostic endoscopy is performed for one of the following reasons: airway obstruction, stridor, laryngeal mass, atypical asthma, tracheotomy decannulation, persistent cough, hemoptysis, hoarseness, abnormal chest x-ray film, persistent atelectasis, foreign body, recurrent respiratory symptoms, neck mass, or the workup of head and neck neoplasms.

6). Contraindications to upper airway endoscopy are cervical spine disorders that preclude adequate extension and flexion of the head and neck would be relative contraindications to the use of rigid endoscopy but would not interfere with flexible endoscopy.

Respiratory Flashcard List

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