Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

Biochemistry

Open Flashcards

Purines, Pyrimidines and Nucleic Acid Metabolism

Question
11 out of 59
 

CAP in lac operon is an example of (AIIMS May 2010)



A Positive regulator

B Negative regulator

C Constitutive expression

D Attenuation

Ans. A Positive regulator

a. Lac operon an example of negative regulation operon required for the transport and metabolism of lactose in Escherichia coli and some other enteric bacteria. It consists of three adjacent structural genes, lacZ, lacY and lacA.

b. The lac operon is regulated by several factors including the availability of glucose and of lactose. Gene regulation of the lac operon was the first complex genetic regulatory mechanism to be elucidated and is one of the foremost examples of prokaryotic gene regulation.

c. In its natural environment, the lac operon allows for the effective digestion of lactose. The cell can use lactose as an energy source by producing the enzyme β-galactosidase to digest that lactose into glucose and galactose.

d. It would be inefficient to produce enzymes when there is no lactose available, or if there is a more readily-available energy source available such as glucose.

e. The lac operon uses a two-part control mechanism to ensure that the cell expends energy producing β-galactosidase, β-galactoside permease and thiogalactoside transacetylase (also known as galactoside O-acetyltransferase) only when necessary.

f. It achieves this with the lac repressor, which halts production in the absence of lactose, and the Catabolite activator protein (CAP), which assists in production in the absence of glucose. Thus CAP is positive regulator.

g. This dual control mechanism causes the sequential utilization of glucose and lactose in two distinct growth phases, known as diauxie. Similar diauxic growth patterns have been observed in bacterial growth on mixtures of other sugars as well, such as mixtures of glucose and arabinose, etc.

h. The genetic control mechanisms underlying such diauxic growth patterns are known as xyl operon and ara operon, etc.

Purines, Pyrimidines and Nucleic Acid Metabolism Flashcard List

59 flashcards
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
54)
55)
56)
57)
58)
59)