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Paediatric

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Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders

Question
21 out of 49
 

Caloric supplementation required for a severely malnourished child (per kg-body weight) is – (LQ)



A IgM antibodies
B Lysozyme

C Mast cells
D IgA antibodies

Ans. D

IgA antibodies

Although antibodies and Lysozyme, both are important for protective effects of breast milk antibodies play the major rote. Out of IgM and IgA antibodies, breast milk is especially rich in secraory IgA which is the single best answer here.

Protective role of breastfeeding against infection

Brest milk provides protection against infection because of the following facts -

a. The breast milk is clean and uncontaminated

b. Breast milk contains several antiinfective factors -

i. Antibodies -- secretory IgA, IgM

ii. Lyso4me

iii. Antistaplrylococcal factor

iv. Specific inhibitory substances against viral infections.

v. Lactoferrin )hhibits growth of E. coli.

vi. Bile stimulated hpase -+ kills entamoeba histolyica and Giardia lamblia.

vii. Bifidusfactor --s Inhibits gowth of E. Coli

viii. Pqra-amino-benzoic acid (PABA) -, Provides protection against malaria

ix. Phagocytic macrophages and lymphoid cells

c. Lower pH of the stool of breastfed infants contributes to the favorable intestinal flora -+ more bifidobacieria and lactobacilli, fewer E. coli.

Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders Flashcard List

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