Decision analyses often include a patient’s utilities in the determination of the best decision. These utilities measure (AIIMS Nov 09)
|A||Whether a patient favors one decision over another|
|B||Whether a physician favors one decision over another|
|C||The difference between a patient’s decision and the physician’s decision|
|D||The relative value a patient places on a particular outcome|
In decision analysis, utilities refer to the relative values placed on various outcomes. For example, perfect health might be assigned a utility of 100, and death assigned one of 0. What, then, would the utility be for life with moderate back pain? With careful questioning, one finds that most patients place a higher value on life with disability than would be anticipated.