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Latest Health Statistics

  1. Population
    1. as on 1.3.2011 (2011 census)  :  1210 million
    2. growth per year (2011 census)   :   18 million
    3. average annual growth rate (2011)  :  1.64%
    4. urban population (2011 census)  :   28%
    5. sex ratio (2011) – (2011 census)  :   940 F per 1000 M
    6. literates (2001 census) – 7yrs and above   :   M- 82%, F- 65%, Total- 74%
    7. in 0-4 yrs (2006) (NHP-2008)    :   10%
    8. in 5-14 yrs    :   23%
    9. in 15-44 yrs    :   48%
    10. in 45-59 yrs     :  12%
    11. in 60+ yrs    :    7%
  2. Vital Rates
    1. Birth rate (2009) (SRS Bull. Jan 2011)   :   22.5/1000 popu; R-24.1, U-18.321.8
    2. Crude death rate (2009) (SRS Bull. Jan 2011)   :   7.3/1000 popu; R-7.8, U-5.87.1
    3. Infant mortality rate (2009) (SRS Bull. Jan 2011)   :   50/1000 live births; R-62, U-39 -44                                                                         (MR = 42) (SRS2013)
    4. Maternal mortality ratio (2007-09) (Census-2011)   :   212/100000 live births, 197 (SRS – 2012) -178
    5. Expectation of life at birth (2002-06)   :   M-62.6 yrs, F- 64.2 yrs
    6. Mean age at marriage for females (2008)NHP2010   :   20.6 yrs, R-20.2, U-22.1
  3. Fertility & Family Welfare
    1. General fertility rate (2005)   :   95.8/ 1000 women of 15-49 yrs
    2. Total fertility rate (2008)    :   2.6 / women of 15-49 yrs-2.5
    3. Gross reproduction rate (2005)   :   1.4 / women-1.25
    4. Net reproduction rate (2002)   :   1.4 / women (estimated)-1.2
  4. Economic Indicators
  1. Poverty line   :   Rural- <2400 calories (Rs. 446/-per capita per month) Urban- <2100 calories (Rs. 578/-per capita/ month)
  2. Below poverty line (2004-05)   :   R-28.3%, U-25.7%, Total- 27.5%
  1. Doctor-population ratio (2010)   :   69: 100000
  2. Bed-population ratio (1.1.2010)   :   1: 2012
  3. No. of PHCs functioning on 1.3.09   :   23391
  1. Demographic indicators: Some Important Facts about India
  1. ​Population: 1210 million
  2. 2.4% land area & 25% population
  3. Annual exponential growth rate= 1.55% ( India is still having a very rapid annual rate of growth).
  4. Indian population will overtake China by 2030 (July 2009 estimates).
  5. Decadal growth rate= 15.4%
  6. CBR 22.8 per 1000 mid year population
  7. CDR 7.3 per 1000 mid year population
  8. National goal is to achieve a BR of 21 & a DR of 9 so that the growth rate is 1.2%.
    Ukraine : Fastest shrinking population
  9. Population density: 389 per sq. km
  10. State with highest population Density: West Bengal (903)
  11. State with lowest population Density: Arunachal Pradesh (13)
  12. UT with highest PD: Delhi (9340)
  13. UT with lowest PD: Andamans (48)
  14. District with highest PD: NE Delhi (29468)
  15. District with lowest PD: Lahul & Spiti (2)
  16. India ranks 32 globally in PD; China is first
  17. Census definition of urban area: All 3 together
    1. A minimum population of 5000
    2. At least 75% of working male population engaged in non agricultural pursuits
    3. A density of population of at least 400 per sq Km
  18. Family size: TFR magnitude of complete family size Q
    1.  Total no of children borne by a woman during her child bearing age (15-45 years).
    2. TFR= 2.6
    3. Goal of NPP TFR 2.1 by 2010(Replacement level).
    4. ​Percentage of urban population=27.8%
    5. Mega city population of 10 million or more e.g. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata
      Hyderabad by 2015.
    6. Literate any body age >7 years who can read & write with understanding. For classifying a person as literate formal education is not mandatory.
    7. Life expectancy at birth: 63.9 years males & 66.9 females.
    8. Mean age at effective marriage for females 19.6
Rating Annual rate of growth% No of yrs to double the population
Stationary No growth  
Slow <0.5 >139
Moderate 0.5-1.0 139-70
Rapid 1.0-1.5 70-47
Very rapid 1.5-2.0 47-35
Explosive 2.0-2.5 35-28
  2.5-3.0 28-23
  3.0-3.5 23-20
  3.5-4.0 20-80

  Stage of demographic cycle Meaning E.g.
First stage  High stationary High Birth rate (BR) & high Death rate (DR) which cancels each other and population remains stationary. -
Second stage Early expanding DR decreasing but BR high -
Third stage Late expanding DR decreasing still further BR also starts declining.
Population continues to grow as BR>DR.
E.g. India
Forth stage  Low stationary Low BR & low DR.
Population is stationary.
E.g. UK, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium.
Fifth stage  Declining  BR < DR .
Population is decreasing
e. g. Germany, Hungary
 
Dependency ratio:     0-14 year + 65+ years       =   54 per 100
                                 Population of 15-64 years

Young dependency ratio (0-14 years) = 45 per 100

Old dependency ratio (65 years and more) =9 per 100
  1. Sources of demographic information in India:
    Some Surveys that are used in demography:
    1. Census: The total process of collecting, compiling and publishing demographic, economic and social data pertaining at a specified time or times, to all persons in a country or a delimited territory. Legality – offered by Census Act, 1948. First Census in India took place in 1881. Last in March, 2001. It is conducted during the 1st quarter of 1st year of every decade.
    2. Registration of vital events: Primarily done by Civil Registration System (CRS). The Act governing this event is referred as, The Central Births and Deaths Registration act, 1969. The time limit for registration of deaths and births is 21 days (Amendment, 2004).
      1. ​Sample Registration System: Dual record system consisting of continuous enumeration of births and deaths by an enumerator and an independent survey every 6 months by an investigator or supervisor. This is the most important source of health information.
      2. Adhoc surveys: This includes surveys like National Family Health Surveys, surveys done for health for all by 2000 AD etc
      3. National Family Health Survey: Three have been completed till date, though the data for the third is still awaited. NFHS I-1992 - 93; NFHS II -1998 - 99; NFHS III - 2005 - 06.
      4. NFHS provides data pertaining to fertility indicators, vaccination coverage, institutional deliveries, prevalence of RTI/STI, awareness about HIV/ AIDS, contraceptive prevalence rate etc.
  2. ​​Fertility indicators:
    1. Birth Rate = no. of live birth during the year  x 1000 (AI’09)
                            Estimated mid year population
    2. General Fertility Rate (GFR) no of live births in an area during the year    x 1000
                                                 Midyear female population 15-44 in same area same Year
      Current value: 95.3/1000 mid yr female population in reproductive age.
    3. General Marital Fertility Rate
      (GMFR) = no of live births in an area during the year    x 1000
                       Midyear married female population 15-44 in same area same year
      Current value: 132.6/1000 mid yr married female population in reproductive age.
    4. Age specific Fertility Rate no of live births in an area during the year x 1000
                                                    Midyear female population specific age
    5. Age specific Marital Fertility Rate
    6. TFR add all age specific fertility rate for all ages x yrs of age gp.(2.6)
    7. GRR(Gross Reproduction Rate):  avg. no of girls borne to a women if she experiences the current fertility pattern through her reproductive span(15-45 years) assuming no mortality.
      Current value: 1.4
    8. Net Reproduction rate (NRR): no of daughters a newborn girl will bear during her lifetime assuming fixed age specific fertility & mortality.
      NRR 1 is with CPR 60% Q (AI’09)
      Current value: 1.5
    9. Child Women Ratio: no children 0-4 yr x 1000
                                        no. of women of child bearing age(15-44)




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