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Some important GIT symptoms in Children

  1. Excessive salivation with drooling Q
    1. Steatites              
    2. Teething              
    3. Mental retardation
    4. Cerebral palsy      
    5. Mouth breathing    
    6. Drugs e.g. dicyclomine, clonazepam, haloperidol  
  2. The following are causes of drooling due to failure to swallow the saliva Q
    1. Bulbar palsy          
    2. Facial palsy          
    3. Myasthenia
    4. Myasthenia gravis                
    5. Oesophageale              
    6. Diseases like diphtheria rabies & bulbar polio  
  3. Brownish yellow discoloration of teeth Q
    1. Tetracycline          
    2. Iron therapy                        
    3. Tooth caries
    4. Fluorosis                      
    5. Poor dental hygiene            
    6. Kernicterus 
  4. Macroglossia Q
    1. Downs s syndrome                      
    2. Hypothyroidism            
    3. Mucopolysaccharidosis
    4. GDS glycogen storage disorders  
    5. DMD Duchenne muscular dystrophy  
  5. Membrane formation in throat white membrane in throat Q
    1. Bacterial infection streptococcal infection diphtheria
    2. Viral infection Ebstein Barr virus
    3. Fungal infection Candida  
  6. Abdominal distension Q
    1. Gaseous distention due to aerophagy intestinal infection
    2. Hypotonia e g malnutrition tickets etc .
    3. Chronic constipation faculties
    4. Obesity
    5. Ascites
    6. Lump in the abdomen .
    7. Acute abdomen surgical abdomen e g paralytic ileus, intestinal obstruction, peritonitis  
  7. Abdominal pain Q
    1. Medical Causes
      1. Parasite infestation                
      2. Amebiasis                    
      3. Gastritis
      4. Hepatitis                      
      5. Gastro enteritis            
      6. FUNCTIONAL
    2. Surgical causes
      1. Ureteric / renal colic calculi
      2. Biliary colic cholelithiasis
      3. Intestinal obstruction ,intussusceptions
      4. Appendicitis
      5. Hernias      
      6. Pancreatitis
      7. Miscellaneous sickle cell crisis lead Poisoning 
  8. Altered Taste (Cacogeusia)
    The commonest cause for alteration of the taste is drugs. 
    The following are some of the common cause of altered taste
  1. Drugs
    1. Acetazolamide            
    2. Antihistamines
    3. Ethambutol          
    4. Griseofulvin
    5. Metronidazole              
    6. Phenytoin 
  2. FACIAL palsy
  3. Liver failure
  4. Renal failure
  5. Cushing syndrome
  6. Hyperthyroidism
  7. Turner s syndrome
  8. Familial dysautonomia
  9. Zinc deficiency




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