Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

 

Raw undercook pork

 
Raw !Undercooked Pork Is The Source Of – Taenia Solium , T. Saginata Asiatica
Raw/Undercooked Fish Is The Source Of- D. Latum, Clonorchis, Opisthorchis
Raw Or Undercooked Pork Is The Source Of- Paragonimus Westermani
 
Parasites Re.Uiring One Intermediate Host
Pig- Taenia Solium , T. Saginata Asiatica,  Trichinella Spiralis
Cow- Taenia Saginata Dirofilaria Spp. 
Man- Plasmodium Spp. Echinococcus Granulosus, E. Multilocularis,  Taenia Multiceps
Mosquito-Wuchereria Bancrofti,  Brugia Malayi , B. Timori , Mansonella Streptocerca, M.Ozzardi , M.Perstans
Snail- Schistosoma Spp.
Sandfly-Leishmania Spp.

Parastes Re.Uiring Two Intermediate Hosts
  1. Clonorchis         
  2. Opisthorchis         
  3. Paragonimus Westermani     
  4. Fasciola Hepatica         
  5. Fasciolopsis Buski      
  6. D. Latum
Parasites Associated With Malignancy
Schistosoma Haematobium, Clonorchis Sinensis, Opisthorchis Felineus

Parasites Found In Urine
  1. Trichomonas Vaginalis         
  2. Schistosoma Haematobium     
  3. Wuchereria Bancrofti            
Parasites Found In Csf
  1. Trypanosoma Brucei            
  2. Acanthamoeba            
  3. Naeglaria        
  4. Balamuthia          
  5. Angiostrongylus
Parasites In Sputum
  1. Paragonimus            
  2. Capillaria Aerophila        
  3. Entamoeba Histolytica
Parasites Causing Opportunistic Infection In Aids
  1. Toxoplasma Gondii         
  2. Cryptosporidium         
  3. Isospora Belli         
  4. Microsporidia      
  5. Entamoeba Histolytica         
  6. Giardia Lamblia             
  7. Strongyloides Stercoralis
Parasites Found In Urine
  1. Trichomonas Vaginalis         
  2. Schistosoma Haematobium     
  3. Wuchereria Bancrofti
  4. Trypanosoma Brucei Gambiense     
  5. T. B. Rhodesiense         
  6. Naegleria Fowleri
  7. Acanthamoeba Spp         
  8. Balamuthia Spp.         
  9. Angiostrongylus Spp. 
Parasites Found In Sputum
  1. Paragonimus Westermani     
  2. Capillaria Aerophila         
  3. Entamoeba Histolytica    
List Of Bile Stained Eggs
  1. Ascaris Lumbricoides        
  2. Trichuris Trichiura        
  3. Taenia Solium, Taenia Saginata    
  4. Echinococcus Granulosus        
  5. Diphyllobothrium Latum        
  6. Clonorchis Sinensis
  7. Paragonimus Westermanii    
  8. Fasciola Hepatica        
  9. Fasciolopsis Buski        
  10. Schistosoma Haematobium, Schistosoma Mansoni, Schistosoma Japonicum
List Of Non-Bile Stained Eggs
  1. Ancylostoma Duodenale        
  2. Necator Americanus
  3. Enterobius Vermicularis        
  4. Hymenolepis Nana
Eggs That Do Not Float In Saturated Salt Solution
Operculated Eggs Of Trematodes
Eggs Of Taenia Spp.
Unfertilized Egg Of Ascaris Lumbricoides
Larvae Of Strongyloides Stercoralis

SUMMARY (all important review points)
Parasite.                  :          Infective stage
E. Histolytica             :          cyst
Giardia intestinalis     : cyst
E. Coli                      : cyst
Isospora                   : cyst
Trichomonas vaginalis : trophozoite
Leishmania                 : promastigote
Trypanosoma              : metacyclic trypomastigote
Plasmodium                : sporozoite
Babesia                      : sporozoite            
Toxoplasmn                : all (bradyzoite Merozoitex Sporulated oocyst.)                                     
Cryptosporidium          : thick walled cyst
Pneumocystis carinii     : cyst
Acanthmoeba, Naeglaria : cyst, trophozoite
       
Key Characteristics:
Schistosoma haematobium  -  terminal spine in egg          
                                         -  infects vesical plexus         
                                         -  non operculated
Schistosoma mansoni -  egg has lat spine  
                                -  sigmoidorectal plexus involved        
Schistosoma japonicum - egg has central spine  (katayama syndrome ) Ileocaecal plexus involved                                                                                                                         
Ovoparous(laying eggs)  -  unsegmented ova Ascaris ; Trichuris trichuria
                                    -  segmented ovum — hookworm       
                                    -  larva —Enterobus vermicularis
Viviparous(laying Larva)  -  T.spiralis
- W. Bancrofli         
-  B.malayi
-  D. Medinensis      
Ovoviviparous   -  egg containing larva are laid — S.stercoralis
Trichuris trichura  -  whip worm           
A.lumbricoids  -  roundworm; Dwarf tapeworm - H. Nana        
D. Latum  -  fish tapeworm     
E.vermicularis  -  thread worm /pin worm / seat worm.             
S.stercoralis  -  dwarf round worm             
E.granulosus  -  dog tapeworm     
 
No intermediate host
A  PROTOZOA
-   E. Histolytica
-   Giardia lamblia
-   Chilonwstix mesnili " Trichomonas vaginalis Balantidium coli
B   HELMINITHS
-    Enterobius vermicularis
-    Trichuris trichura
-    Ascaris lumbricoides           .
-    Ancylostoma duodenale Necator americanus
-    H. Nano
 
Two Intermediate Hosts
Intermediate hosts     :   Parasites
Snail, crustacean (Crab) :    Paragonimus westermani
Cyclops, fish   :     D. Latum
Snail, fish   :     Clonorchis sinensis
Snail, plant (aquatic vegetations)    :    Fasciola spp.
 
Parasites entering through skin penetration
- A. Duodenale     - Necator americanus
- Strongyloides stercoralis  - Schistosoina mansoni
- Schistosoma Japonicum  - Schistosoma haematobium
- A. Caninum   - A. Brazilien
 
Parasites transmitted by sexual contact
-   Trichomonas vaginalis         -   Entamoeba histolytica         -   Giardia lamblia
 
Parasites transmitted congenitally
-  Toxoplasma gondii               -  Plasmodium Spp.              - Microsporidia     -  Trypanosoma cruzi
 
Parasites associated with anemia
  1. Hookworms- Iron deficiency anemia
  2. Diphylobothrium latum --Megaloblastic anemia
  3. Malaria- Haemolytic anemia
  4. Trichuris trichiura -Prolonged massive infection leads to iron deficiency anemia
Neoplasia
C. Sinensis    -  Cholangiocarcinoma
Opisthorchis viverrini   -  Cholangiocarcinoma
S. Heamatobium   -  Vesical carcinoma (SCC of bladder)
 
Obligate intracellular parasite
-  Plasmodium spp.   -  Babesia spp.
-  Leishmania spp.    -  Toxoplasma spp.
-  Trypanosoma cruzi  -  Microsporidia
                                                                                
Skin Tests
  1. Immediate Hypersensitivity - Erythema & induration after 30 minutes of infection
     
    Seen in Hydatid disease , filariasis, Schistosomiasis, Ascariasis
     
    Strongyloidiasis
  2. Delayed hypersensitivity (48 - 72 hours.)
     
    Leishmaniasis                                      Trypanosomiasis                                             
     
    Toxoplasmosis                                    Amoebiasis




Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name