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Embryological Development

Question
62 out of 71
 

Habitual dysphonia is characterized by: (LQ)



A Poor voice in normal environment

B Related to stressful events

C Treatment is vocal exercise and reassurance

D Whispering voice

E Quality of voice is constant

Ans. A C, D and E. Poor voice in normal environment; Treatment is vocal exercise and re-assurance; Whispering voice; and Quality of voice is constant

a. When a person always uses a poor voice in normal circumstances, is called habitual dysphonia. It is not related to stressful events and seems to be a habit.

b. The distinguishing characteristics of habitual and psychogenic functional dysphonia are:

Habitual dysphonia

Psychogenic functional dysphonia

Quality of voice is always poor

Very gradual onset of voice problem

Quality of voice is nearly constant changing with circumstances

The voice fails repeatedly after prolonged speaking

Previous good voice quality

Abrupt change in voice quality.

Inconstant quality of voice

Voice fails repeatedly in situationsof emotional stress.

Some patients with habitual dysphonia need vocal excercises and very little counseling. Others are cured by a few counseling ses¬sions and no voice practice at all.

Embryological Development Flashcard List

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