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Medicine

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Liver & GIT

Question
5 out of 5
 

Human immunoglobulin are used in prophylaxis of which type of hepatitis?



A A
B B
C C
D E

Ans. A A

Prophylaxis

Hepatitis A

Passive immunization human immunoglobulinsQ prepared from pooled plasma of healthy donors.

Hepatitis B:

Active immunization – for pre exposure prophylaxis in:

1. Health workers exposed to blood

2. Hemodialysis patients and staff

3. I.V. drug users

4. Hemophiliacs

5. Contacts of HBsAg carriers

6. Homosexual individuals.

Dose:3 I/M inj at 0,1 & 6 months.Q

Extra Edge: Pregnancy is not a contraindication to vaccination. Q

Post exposure prophylaxis:

1. Perinatal exposure – single dose of HBIG(0.5 ml) followed by 3 doses of vaccine starts within 12 hrs of life.

2. Needle stick injury – single dose of HBIG(0.06ml/kg) within 6 hr followed by 3 doses of vaccine within 1 week.

3. Sexual contact – single dose of HBIG(0.06 ml/kg) within 2 weeks followed by 3 doses of vaccine.