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Medicine

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Kidney

Question
14 out of 14
 

In which cotrimoxazole not use in treatment? (AIIMS May 2011)



A UTI
B Prostatitis

C Chancroid
D Typhoid

Ans. C Chancroid

Uses of cotrimoxazole

A. Pneumocystis pneumonia

B. Toxoplasmosis and nocardiosis

C. Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and infections of the urinary tract where there is good rationale for use

D. Acute otitis media in children where there is good rationale

Specific indications for its use include:

HIV

Being an antibiotic, co-trimoxazole does not have any activity against HIV itself, but it is often prescribed to immunocompromised patients as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis.

Bacterial

i. Infections caused by Listeria monocytogenes, Nocardia spp., Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Zanthomonasmaltophilia)

ii. Staphylococcus saprophyticus infections presenting as urinary tract infection or cystitis

iii. Melioidosis

iv. Shigellosis

v. Whipple's Disease

vi. Traveler's Diarrhea

vii. Typhoid

Protozoan

i. Isosporiasis

ii. Prophylaxis of cerebral toxoplasmosis in HIV patients

iii. Cyclosporacayetanensis

Chronic bacterial prostatitis treatment

i. Chronic bacterial prostatitis treatment is with long-term antibiotics, up to eight weeks, with ciprofloxacin, sulfa drugs [for example, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprimor erythromycin

ii. Chancroid - Treatment regimens may include the following: azithromycin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and erythromycin base

iii. Typhoid fever -

a. Ciprofloxacin is the most frequently used drug.

b. Ceftriaxone, an intramuscular injection medication, is an alternative

c. Ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are frequently prescribed antibiotics.

Kidney Flashcard List

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