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Pathology

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Kidney

Question
53 out of 60
 

In which of the following conditions bilateral contrast Kidney are characteristically seen? (AIIMS Nov 2013)



A Amyloidosis

B Diabetes mellitus

C Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

D Benign nephrosclerosis

Ans. D Benign Nephrosclerosia

Direct quote Robbins..ln benign nephrosclerosis,_kidneys are either normal or moderately reduced in size on gross appearance' The loss of mass is due mainly to cortical scarring and shrinking''

Causes of contracted kidney

Symmetric

Asymmetric

. Chronic glomerulonephritis

. Benign nephrosclerosis

Chronic PyelonePhritis

Causes of enlarged kidneys

Amyloidosis

Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) '

Myeloma kidneY

Diabetic renal disease (Kimmelstiel Wilson nodules are pathognomic)

Polycystic kidney disease

Bilateral obstruction (hydronephrosis)

Important info

contracted kidnoys:Less than I cm length of kidney is taken as chmnic contracted kidney. Normal size corresponds to 3 times the length L1 vertebrae or 2/3rd of additive length of T11, T12 and L1 vertebrae'

Kidney Flashcard List

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