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Classification of Psychiatric Disorders

A.  Organic

1.  Acute e.g. confusional state

2.  Chronic e.g. dementia

 

B.   Schizophrenia

 

C.   Affective disorder :  

  • Depression        
  • Mania

D.  Neurotic disorders

  1. Anxiety disorders:
    1. Generalized anxiety      
    2. Phobias           
    3. Panic attacks
  2. Obsessive compulsive disorder         
  3. Hysteria
  4. Hypochondriasis                               
  5. Factitious disorders

E.   Personality disorders

 

F.   Others

  1. Alcoholism   
  2. Drug dependence
  3. a. Anorexia nervosa  b. Obesity  c. Eating disorders  
  4. Psychosexual disorders

a.  Organic and Functional disorders:

 

Organic

Funtional

Onset

Acute

Gradual

Age

Old age

Young

Consciousness

Impaired; disorientation

Alert

Hallucinations

Visual

Auditory

Alcohol/drug use

+++

+/-

Neurological symptoms

Present

Absent

Examples

Delirium

Schizophrenia

Diseases

Dementia

Bipolar disorder

 

b. Psychosis and Neurosis:

 

Psychosis

Neurosis

Insight

Absent

Present

Personality

Affected

Preserved

Reality testing

Absent

Present

Judgement

-

+

Delusions

+

-

Hallucinations

+

-

Disorganised speech

+

-

Disorganised behaviour

+

-

Example

Schizophrenia

Neurotic depression (MC)

 

Mania/bipolar disorder

Anxiety disorders

 

Acute psychosis

Somatoform disorders

 

Psychotic depression

Sexual disorders





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