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Paediatric

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Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders

Question
12 out of 49
 

Kwashiorkar is diagnosed in growth retarded children along with- (AIIMS Nov 2012)



A Edema and mental changes

B Hypo Pigmentation and anemia

C Edema and hypo Pigmentation

D hepatomegaly and anemia

Ans. A

Edema and mentxl changes

i. Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a spectrum of conditions ranging from mild under nutrition of extreme forms of malnutrition, i.e. Marasmus and Kwashiorkor.

ii. Most of the child suffer from mild to moderate nutritional deficit and extreme forms (marasmus and kwashiorkor) account only for a small proportion of cases of malnutrition.

a. Mild to moderate malnutrition

i. If the dietry intake is deficient for a short period, the body adapts its metabolism to compensate for the deficit to some extent.

ii. Moderately malnourished children appear slower and less energetic.

iii. Growth lag is more pronounced in weight than the length.

iv. Head circumference is not reduced significantly.

b. Marasmus

i. Marasmus is characterized by gross wasting of muscles and subcutareous tissues resulting tn emaciation, marked srunting and no edema.

c. Kwashiorkor

i. Classical triad of kwashiorkor is markedly retarded growth, psychomotor (mental) changes and. edema.

Nutrition And Nutritional Disorders Flashcard List

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