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Cardiovascular System

 
SIGN / SPECIFIC FEATURE SEEN IN
Snowman’s sign
Figure of 8 sign
Cottage loaf sign
TAPVC – Supracardiac variety
Stag antler / Hands up sign CCF
Double aortic knuckle sign Aortic dissection
Double density sign
Bedford sign
LA enlargement
Schimitar sign / Turkish sword appearance Congenital venolobar syndrome
Sitting duck heart Persistant trunkus arteriosus
Egg on side appearance
Egg on a string sign
D-TGA
Square root sign
Egg in cup sign
Constrictive pericarditis
Cor-en-sabot
Boot shaped heart
Tetralogy of Fallot
Moneybag heart
Waterbottle heart
Flask shaped heart
Epicardial fat pad sign
Pericardial effusion
Great box shaped heart Tricuspid atresia
Great hilar dance ASD
Maladie de roger defect Small VSD
Jug handle appearance Primary pulmonary hypertension
Dock’s sign
E – sign
Reverse figure of 3 sign
Coarctation of aorta
Yin yang sign Pseudo aneurysms
Small heart sign Tension pneumopericardium
High attenuating crescent sign Impending rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm
Draped aorta sign Contained rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm
 

Neonatal Cyanosis

 
WITH OLIGEMIA + CARDIOMEGALY WITH OLIGEMIA BUT NO CARDIOMEGALY WITH PLEONEMIA (PLETHORA)
(All have an ASD)
  1. PS
  2. Pulm atresia
  3. Ebstein anomaly
  4. Tricuspid atresia
  5. Hypercyanotic spells &
polycythemia may develop
 T/t palliative shunt surgery
(Sign appear usually after lwk)
TOF
Pulm atresia with VSD*
Tricuspid atresia
Cyanosis + CCF
TAPVC
  1. Hypoplastic LV
  2. Interrupted aortic arch
  3. TGA
  4. Truncus arteriosus
  5. Treat CCF & Rashkind atrial
septostomy is done in these atients as an emergency measure to decompress LA
 

Cardiac Calcification

 
Intracardiac Myocardial Pericardial
  1. Atrial myxoma
  2. Valve thrombus
  1. Mainly in LV - apex
  2. Post-myocarditis
  3. Hydatid ds
  4. Aneurysms
  5. Infarct
  1. Mainly in right chambers
  2. (RV) & A-V groove
  3. Constrictive pericarditis
  4. Post-traumatic
  5. Uremia/CRF
  6. Asbestosis
 
 




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