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  1. Post dural puncture headache after spinal anaesthesia can be prevented by use of thin bore needles whereas it can be treated by i/v fluids
  2. Entonox is 50:50 mixture of 02 and N2O
  3. Thiopentone os C/I in all porphyrias EXCEPT porphyria cutanea tarda
  4. Ketamine is induction agent of choice in shoch patients BUT in chronic shock with debilitated catecholamines, etomidate is the choice
  5. Propofol is the induction agent of choice for day care surgery
  6. Drugs causing pain on ijection: propofol, etomidate, diazepam, rocuronium
  7. All opiods causes wooden chest syndrome or chest wall rigidity but MAXIMUM is seen with Alfentanil
  8. All opiods can be given epidurally EXCEPT remifentanil
  9. Drug C/I for IVRA: Bupivacaine
  10. Low dose asprin should not be stopped prior to surgery
  11. Estrogen OCP can be stopped 4 weeks before elective surgery whereas progesterone pills need not be stopped
  12. Best modality to measure the depth of anaesthesia: Entropy > BIS
  13. Most CVS stable induction agent : Etomidate (preferred in MI, aneurysm surgery)
  14. DOC for ketamine induced hallucinations: Benzodiazepenes > opioids
  15. Isoflurane is the agent of choice for cardiac patients except MI
  16. Sevoflurane is the agent of choice in children
  17. Desflurne is stored in Tec6 vaporizer and is pungent
  18. Train of four is diagnostic for depolrizers
  19. Sugammadex is gamma cyclodextrin, first SRBA, specifically reverses rocuronium action and atropine coadministeration is not required
  20. Gases stored in liquid form in cylinders: CO2, N2O, Cyclopropane
  21. Mapleson A circuit is best suited for spontaneous ventilation whereas D (bains) is best for controlled ventilation
  22. Ropivacaine is the agent of choice for labour analgesia
  23. MC Complication of spinal anaesthesia: hypotension
  24. Fluid of choice in shock: ringer lactate
  25. Fluid of choice in liver and renal failure: colloids
  26. Elective surgery should be defered for 6 months in MI and for 6 weeks in smoking
  27. Myasthenics are resistant to depolarizers and hypersensitive to non depolarizers
  28. Spinal anaesthesia is prefered for ceasarean section
  29. Epidural is given in mild to moderate RHD wheas in severe cases general anaesthesia is given in pregnant RHD
  30. Vetntilator mode of choice in weaning: SIMV
  31. ARDS: PaO2/FiO2 < 200 and treatment is mechanical ventilation
  32. Sequence of resuscitation in basic life support: C – A – B
  33. Rate of compression 30:2 ( 5 such cycles in 2 mins) irrespective of number of rescuers
  34. Early defibrillation is done in ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, no role in asystole
  35. DOC for asystole: adrenaline, no role of atropine
  36. DOC for PSVT: Adenosine
  37. Drugs given through endotracheal route: adrenaline atropine vasopressi lignocaine
  38. Best criteria for efficacy of resuscitation: Et CO2 > 20mmHg
  39. DOC for anaphylactic shock: i/v adrenaline
  40. Halothane is DOC in asthamatics whereas Sevoflurane is in non asthamatics
  41. Drug causing MXIMUM adrenocortical suppression: etomidate
  42. Agents causing convulsions: enflurane, sevoflurane
  43. Bupivacaine is used for spinal anaesthesia is concentration (%) of: O.5%
  44. Shortest acting local anaesthetic is : Chlorprocaine
  45. Earliest sign of systemic absorption of local anaesthetic is : Circumoral numbness
  46. Gallamine is contraindicated in renal failure
  47. Sodaline circuit is not used in anaesthesia with: Trichloroethylene
  48. Anaesthetic agent associated associated with hallucination is : ketamine
  49. Anaesthetic agent with least effect on myocardial contractility is : Isoflurane
  50. Stellate ganglion block is characterised by : Miosis, Ptosis, Flushing
  51. Spinal cord ends at the level of lower broder of: L1 whereas in children it ends at L3
  52. Tachypnoea is seen with: Trilene
  53. Methemoglobinemia is caused by : Prilocaine
  54. The narrowest part of trachea in a newborn is at the level of: cricoid cartilage
  55. First fibres to be blocked in spinal anaesthesia is : Sympathetic preganglionic
  56. Increases intra-ocular pressure by: Ketamine
  57. High output renal failure may be caused by: methoxyflurane
  58. Milganant hyperthermia caused by : Succinyl choline
  59. First fibres to be blocked in spinal anaesthesia: Sympathetic preganglionic
  60. To counter central anti cholinergic effect, drug used is: Physostigmine
  61. Mechanism of action oflocal anaesthetic is : Stablization of membrane
  62. The best anaesthetic agent for acute paronychia is : Xylocaine + adrenaline
  63. Dissociative anaesthesia produced by : Ketamine
  64. Colour of ethylene cylinder is : Purple  
  65. Tachypnea is commonly found in anaesthesia with: Trichloroethylene
  66. Maximum safe dose of lignocaine with adrenaline is : 7mg/kg and without arenaline is 3 mg/kg
  67. Drug causing anaphylactic reaction: Alcuronium
  68. -Safe agent in malignant-hyperpyrexia is : PropofoP
  69. Fastest acting inhalational agent: xenon > desflurane > Sevoflurane
  70. A ventilator pressure relief valve stuck in closed position can result in : Barotrauma
  71. Early and reliable indication of air embolism during anaesthesia can be obtained by continuous monitoring of: EtCO2
  72. Heimlich valve is used for drainage of: Pneumothorax
  73. lnhalational anaesthetic agent avoided in middle ear surgery when tympanic grafts are used: Nitrous oxide
  74. All are seen in malignant hyperthermia: Hyperkalemia, Metabolic acidosis, Hypertension
  75. Most common nerve used for monitoring during anaesthesia: Ulnar nerve
  76. Ketamine increases cerebral oxygen consumption whereas propofol decreases it
  77. About mivacurium: Increasing the dose produces rapid onset of action, Bronchospasm, Flushing and hypotension
  78. Shortest acting NDMR: Gantacurium > Rapacuronium
  79. Local anaesthesia causing methemoglobinemia: Prilocaine
  80. A patient with sickle cell trait is posted for aurgery in left arm. Should avoid: Intravenous regional anaesthesia
  81. The first anaesthetic used in clinical anaesthesia: Cocaine
  82. Anaesthetic of choice in day care anaesthesia : Propofol
  83. Concentration oflignocaine used topically: 5-7%
  84. Which is not a surface anaesthetic: Bupivacaine
  85. Which is a strong vasoconstriction: Cocaine
  86. Anaesthesia preferred in asthmatic: propofol > Ketamine
  87. For infiltration, adrenaline with lignocaine is given in ratio of: 1: 2,500,000
  88. In deep sea divers, decompression illness is mainly due to : N2  

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