Massive small bowel resection, the intestine compensate by :
|A||Lengthened individual villi|
|C||increase number of villi|
|D||Increased life span for absorptive cells|
I. When a massive small bowel resection is necessary, the body attempts to adapt by increasing digestion and absorption of nutrients.
II. This is accomplished by lengthening the individual villi and the number of active cells on the villous surface, which effectively increases the absorptive area available.
III. The individual epithelial cell does not increased life span, and since the villi and cells are decreased post resection synthesis of digestive enzymes is not increased.