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Medical and Surgical Complications in Pregnancy

Question
32 out of 45
 

Maximum incidences of congenital malformation are seen during pregnancy with infection of: (LQ)



A CMV
B Syphilis

C Rubella
D Toxoplasma

Ans. C

Rubella

1. Rubella can cause severe outcomes in the fetus, including fetal death and premature delivery, if the mother is infected during early pregnancy.

2. A variety of congenital defects are caused by rubella, viz. cataracts, cardiac abnormalities, deafness, and mental retardation. Fetal abnormalities are greatest when maternal rubella occurs during the 1st trimester, with 80% of children affected; the percentage falls to about 25% when infection occurs at the end of the 2nd trimester.

3. Congenital infection can be diagnosed prenatally by detecting rubella IgM antibody in fetal blood obtained under USG guidance.

Medical and Surgical Complications in Pregnancy Flashcard List

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