Most common cause of maternal mortality in India is (AIPG 2008)
1. The major causes of maternal mortality according to the 2001–2003 SRS survey are hemorrhage (38 per cent), sepsis (11 per cent), hypertension (5 per cent), obstructed labor (5 per cent), abortion (8 per cent) and other conditions (34 per cent).
2. Anemia is not only the leading cause of death but also an aggravating factor in hemorrhage, sepsis and toxemia.
3. Illegal abortions are also one of the leading causes of maternal death.
4. The percentage distribution of causes of maternal deaths during the year 2001–2003 is as shown below.
Medical causes Social factors
Toxemia of pregnancy Age at child birth
Infection Too close pregnancies
Obstructed labor Family size
Unsafe abortion Malnutrition
Ignorance and prejudices
Lack of maternity services
Non obstetric causes:
Anemia Shortage of health manpower
Associated diseases, e.g., Delivery by untrained dais
cardiac, renal, hepatic, Poor environmental sanitation
metabolicand infectious Poor communication and
Malignancy transport facilities
Accidents Social customs, etc