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Medicine

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Liver & GIT

Question
22 out of 23
 

Most common site of carcinoid is (LQ)



A Ilium
B Stomach

C Appendix
D Lungs

Ans. C Appendix

Carcinoid is a slow-growing type of neuroendocrine tumor originating in the cells of the neuroendocrine system. In some cases, metastasis may occur. Carcinoid tumors have more benign features than neuroendocrine cancers.

Presentation

They are most commonly found in the midgut at the level of the ileum or in the appendix. The next most common affected area is the respiratory tract. Most common site is appendix.

Symptoms

About 10% of carcinoids secrete excessive levels of most notably serotonin (5-HT), causing:

a. Flushing b. Diarrhea c. Wheezing d. Abdominal cramping e. Peripheral edema

Treatment:

Surgery is the only curative therapy.

If the tumor has metastasized (most commonly, to the liver) and is considered incurable, there are some promising treatment modalities, such as radiolabeled octreotide.

Liver & GIT Flashcard List

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