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Orthopaedic

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Spinal Injury

Question
20 out of 20
 

Most common type of spinal injury is



A Flexion injury

B Extension injury

C Compression injury

D Rotation injury

Ans. A

Flexion injury

"Commonest spinal injury is flexion injury"

Spinal injury

a. Flexion injury: commonest type e.g.

i. Heavy blow across the shoulder by a heavy object.

ii. Fall from height on heels or buttocks

b. Extension injury: results in chip fracture of anterior lip of vertebrae; may be unstable e.g.

i. Motor vehicle accident - the forehead striking against the windscreen.

c. b. Shallow water diving - the head hitting the ground, extending the neck. .

d. Flexion rotation injury-worst type, highly unstable.

e. Flexion distraction injury- due to use of a seat belt.

f. Vertical compression injury

g. Direct injury

h. Violent muscle contraction

Spinal Injury Flashcard List

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