Most common type of spinal injury is
"Commonest spinal injury is flexion injury"
a. Flexion injury: commonest type e.g.
i. Heavy blow across the shoulder by a heavy object.
ii. Fall from height on heels or buttocks
b. Extension injury: results in chip fracture of anterior lip of vertebrae; may be unstable e.g.
i. Motor vehicle accident - the forehead striking against the windscreen.
c. b. Shallow water diving - the head hitting the ground, extending the neck. .
d. Flexion rotation injury-worst type, highly unstable.
e. Flexion distraction injury- due to use of a seat belt.
f. Vertical compression injury
g. Direct injury
h. Violent muscle contraction