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Medicine

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Liver & GIT

Question
1 out of 10
 

Non-parenteral hepatitis is: (AIIMS May 07)



A Hepatitis E

B Hep B

C Hep C

D Hep D

Ans. A Hepatitis E

Hepatitis Viral Families

Hepatitis


A – Picorna

B – Hepadna

C – Flavi Viride

E - Calci


Epidemiology (Ref. Hari-18th ed., Pg 2537)

Hepatitis A – Transmitted by Feco -oral route Q. Occurs more in children Q.

Hepatitis B – Transmitted by percutaneous inoculationQ. Sexual intercourse Q and vertical transmission from mother to child.

90% of HBeAg positive mother and 10% of anti HBe positive mothers transmit HBV infection to their off spring.

The most infections occur approximately at the time of delivery Q and are not related to breast-feeding Q.

Extra Edge:

The conditions in which there is increased prevalence of hepatitis B infection are

1. Down’s syndrome Q

2. Lepromatous leprosy Q

3. Leukemia Q

4. Hodgkin’s disease Q

5. Polyarteritis nodosa Q

6. Hemodialysis Q

7. I.V. drug users. Q

Hepatitis C – The mode of transmission are percutaneous, perinatal and sexual intercourse.

Most common cause of Blood Transfusion induced hepatitis.

The perinatal and sexual route are seen in co-infection with HIV and high level viremia, the risk being 5%.

Breast feeding does not increase the risk of HCV infection.

Hepatitis D – The modes of transmission are percutaneous sexual and perinatal.

Hepatitis E – The mode of transmission is feco oral route Q.

Liver & GIT Flashcard List

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