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Contraception

Question
20 out of 53
 

Oral contraceptive pills decrease the incidence of all the following EXCEPT



A Salpingitis
B Hepatic adenoma

C Ovarian Cancer
D Fibroadenosis

Ans. B

[Hepatic adenoma]

a. Benefits of OCP

i. Controls fertility

ii. Useful in menorrhagia and polymenorrhoea, relieve dysmenorrhoea and premenstrual tension

iii. Prevents anemia by reducing menstrual loss

iv. Lower the incidence of benign breast neoplasia (fibroadenoma)

v. Reduces the incidence of functional ovarian cyst, ovarian and uterine malignancy, fibroid uterus

vi. Reduce the incidence of PID (Salpingitis)

vii. Reduce the incidence of ectopic pregnancy

viii. It protects against rheumatoid arthritis

ix. Protection against osteoporosis

b. Pills are contraindicated in

i. Cardiac disease hypertension, DM

ii. History of thrombosis - MI, sickle cell anaemia

iii. Chronic liver disease such as cholestatic jaundice of pregnancy cirrhosis liver, adenoma, porphyrias

iv. Breast cancer, thyroid disease

v. Gross obesity, a women over, 40 and a smoker

vi. Patient on rifampicin, prior to planned surgery

vii. Lactating women.

Contraception Flashcard List

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