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Trauma

 
  1. Blunt / Concussion Injury
  2. Perforating / Penetrating
  1. Features in concussion Injury:
    1. Conjunctiva – Subconjunctival hemorrhage, chemosis, emphysema conjunctival F.B.
    2. Cornea :  Corneal edema, corneal FB,  Corneal abrasions blood staining due to long standing hyphema
    3. Iris trauma-  Sphincteric tear, transient iritis, iridocyclitis*
    4. Traumatic hyphema
    5. Glaucoma- Hemolytic, hemosiderotic, Ghost- cell, Angle- recession*
    6. Lens-  Opacity, Vossius ring*, subluxation, dislocation
    7. Commotio retinae ( Berlin edema)
    8. Choroidal rupture
    9. Macular hole
    10. Optic nerve avulsion
    11. Retinal dialysis
    12. Chorio- retinitis sclopetaria – Chorio- retinal rupture with retinal hemorrhage
    13. Vitreous base avulsion , vitreous hemorrhage
    14. Giant retinal tears
  2. Features in perforating injury / Penetrating injury
    1. Conjunctival laceration
    2. Corneal, corneo- scleral and posterior scleral laceration
    3. Intra- ocular FB
    4. Corneal laceration with iris or vitreous prolapse
    5. Sympathetic ophthalmitis
    6. Vitreous hemorrhage          
    7. Retinal Detachment               
    8. Globe rupture




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