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Environment & Health

Question
55 out of 72
 

Outdated drugs and cytotoxic waste are disposed by (AIPG 2009)



A Destruction & Disposal in secure land fill

B Autoclaving

C Dumping in waste

D Store for 10 Month AND Burial in land

Ans. A Destruction & Disposal in secure land fill Ref: Park; 22nd edi, Pg –738

Although discarded medicines and cytotoxic drugs belong to category 5 for which incineration, autoclaving and micro waving are the methods of disposal available, these wastes are carried in black bags which are conventionally disposed off in secured landfills so option A. is the best choice.

New Guidelines (P.No-13,14 of this book itself (last minute revision)

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE

Waste Category No.

Waste Category Type

Treatment and Disposal Option +

Category No. 1

Human Anatomical Waste (human tissues, organs, body parts)

Incineration @ / deep burial*

Category No. 2

Animal Waste (animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospital, animal house)

Incineration @ / deep burial

Category No. 2

Animal Waste (animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospital, animal house)

Incineration @ / deep burial

Category No 3

Microbiology & Biotechnology Waste (wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of micro-organisms live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used I research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biologicals, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures)

Local autoclaving / micro waving / incineration @

Category no 4

Waste sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sarps

Disinfection (chemical treatment@ / autoclaving / micro-waving and mutilation / shredding

Category no. 5

Discarded Medicines and cytotoxic drugs (wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)

Incineration @ autoclaving / micro waving

Category No. 6

Soiled Waste

(Items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, bedding, other material contaminated with blood)

Incineration @ autoclaving / micro waving

Category No. 7

Solid Waste

(Wastes generated from disposable items other than the waste sharps such as tubing’s, catheters, intravenous sets etc.)

Disinfection by chemical treatment @@ autoclaving / Micro waving and mutilation / shredding##

Category No. 8

Liquid Waste

(waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house – keeping and disinfecting activities)

Disinfection by chemical treatment @@ and discharge into drain.

Category No. 9

Incineration Ash

9Ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste)

Disposal in municipal landfill

Category No. 10

Chemical Waste

(Chemicals used in production of biologicals, chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.

Chemical treatment @@ and discharge into drains for liquids and secured landfill for solids.

Options given above are based on available technologies.

Occupier/operator wishing to use other State-of-the ­art technologies shall approach the Central Pollution Control Board to get the standards laid down to enable the prescribed authority to consider grant of authorization @ @ Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent.

It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.

## Mutilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorized reuse.

@ There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration.

Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

* Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.

Colour Coding and Type of Container for disposal of Bio – Medical Wastes

Colour Coding

Types of Container –I Waste Category

Treatment options as per Schedule I

Yellow

Plastic bag Cat. 1, Cat. 2, and Cat. 3, Cat. 6

Incineration / deep burial

Red

Disinfected container / plastic bag Cat. 3, Cat. 6, Cat. 7.

Autoclaving / Micro waving / Chemical Treatment

Blue/White translucent

Plastic bag/puncture proof Cat. 4, Cat. 7, Container

Autoclaving / Micro waving / Chemical treatment and destruction/ shredding

Black

Plastic bag Cat. 5 and Cat. 9 and Cat. 10 (solid)

Disposal in secured landfill

Environment & Health Flashcard List

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