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Ophthalmology

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Question
25 out of 34
 

PHPV is associated with which of the following? (AIPG 2009)



A Patau syndrome
B Down syndrome

C Tuberous sclerosis
D Sturge Weber syndrome

Ans. A Patau syndrome

Explanation

1. Trisomy 13 (Patau Syndrome) – associated with microphthalmia

2. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous is an important cause of leukocoria. It typically occurs in a microphthalmic eye and is almost always unilateral. retrolental

3. mass and elongated ciliary processes

4. Ultrasonography and computed tomography are helpful in diagnosing this condition. If diagnosed at an early stage it may be possible to aspirate the lens followed by excision of the retrolental membrane and a vitrectomy. Visual prognosis is poor.

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