Primary prevention of disease does not include:
|C||Early diagnosis and treatment|
Primary Prevention is defined as "all measures to reduce the incidence of disease in a population by reducing the risk of onset". It is now used in prevention of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, hypertension and cancer.
- Population Strategy: It deals with whole population irrespective of individual risk levels. It is directed towards socio- economic, behavioral and lifestyle changes. To achieve this, non-pharmaco-therapeutic interventions are made such as changes in nutrition, etc.
- High Risk Strategy: The goal of this approach is to bring preventive care to individuals at special risk. This requires detection of individuals at high risk by the optimum use of clinical methods.
Primary prevention has become increasingly identified with health education and tile concept of individual and community responsibility for health.