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Medicine

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Kidney

Question
4 out of 17
 

Recurrent gross hematuria is seen in (select two best options): (PGI Nov 11)



A Alport’s syndrome

B IgA nephropathy

C Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

D Membranous nephropathy

Ans. A Alport’s syndrome, B. IgA nephropathy

Causes of hematuria

1. Renal

A. Glomerular disease

B. Carcinoma (renal cell Q, transitional)

C. Cystic disease (polycystic disease Q, medullary sponge kidney)

2. Extra – renal

Calculi, Infection, Neoplasm, Prostatitis, Trauma, Urethritis,

Bladder – catheterization, Post – cyclophosphamide.

3 Systemic

A. Coagulation disorders (including anticoagulant drugs)

B. Sickle cell trait or disease

C. Vasculitis

Recurrent hematuria-

A. IgA nephropathy Q B. Alport syndrome Q C. TumourQ D. ADPKD Q

Extra Edge: Urine darkens on standing in (PGI June 2008)

A. Porphyria Q B. Melanoma Q C. Alkaptonuria.Q

Extra edge: Urine may be coloured red in the presence of hemoglobin, myoglobin, drugs (e.g. rifampicin), beet root ingestion and porphyria. In these cases RBCs are absent in urine.

Kidney Flashcard List

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