Gram Negative Spiral
Regarding Leptospirosis, which of the following is true? (AIIMS May 2011)
|A||Rats are the reservoir|
|B||Person to person transmission|
|D||Fluoroquinolones are drug of choice|
a. Rats are the common reservoir and classically associated with leptospirosis. Few other domestic animals like dogs and cows also associated.
b. Human to human transmission does not occur, transmission is by water contaminated with urine. Infection is although acquired by direct contact with infected urine, but can also by infected blood, and infected tissue.
Drug of choice is I.V penicillin in severe cases, oral ampicillin, amoxicillin, doxycycline in milder case