Regarding pancreatic cancer, all true except:
|A||More than 75% have p53 mutations|
|B||More common in people with familial pancreatitis|
|C||3-6 m survival in stage 3|
|D||15-20% survival on 5 yrs|
Risk factors for pancreatic cancer
a. Age: The risk of this cancer goes up with age. Almost 90% of patients are older than 55. The average age at the time the cancer is found is 72.
b. Gender: Men have this cancer slightly more often than women.
c. Smoking: The risk of getting cancer of the pancreas is 2 to 3 times higher in smokers. About 2 to 3 out of 10 cases of pancreatic cancer are thought to be caused by smoking. People who use smokeless (spit or chew) tobacco are also more likely to get pancreatic cancer.
d. Diet: There may be a link between pancreatic cancer and high-fat diets that include a lot of red meat, pork, and processed meat (such as sausage and bacon
e. Obesity and lack of exercise: Very overweight people are more likely to develop pancreatic cancer, as are those who don't get much exercise.
f. Diabetes: Pancreatic cancer is more common in people with this disease. The reason for this is not known.
g. Chronic pancreatitis: This is a long-term inflammation of the pancreas. It is linked with a slightly higher risk of pancreatic cancer, but most people with this condition do not get pancreatic cancer.
h. Cirrhosis of the liver: Cirrhosis is a scarring of the liver. It happens in people with liver damage from things like hepatitis and alcohol use. People with cirrhosis seem to have an increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
i. . Family history: Cancer of the pancreas seems to run in some families.
j. Gene changes: Inherited gene changes (mutations) are abnormal copies of certain genes that can be passed from parent to child. These changed genes may cause pancreatic cancers and can cause other problems, too. The genes that cause these problems have been found by scientists and can be recognized by genetic testing.
Less Than 5% of People Diagnosed Will Live 5 Years
Pancreatic cancer is the deadliest form of cancer because it is very hard to diagnose and it is not a confined cancer. The survival rate is the worst of any cancer but it usually depends on the