Vitamins, Harmones and Hemoglobin
Relative or absolute lack of insulin in humans would result in which one of the following reactions in the liver?
|A||Increased glycogen synthesis.|
|B||Decreased gluconeogenesis from lactate.|
|D||Increased formation of 3-hydroxybutyrate.|
Low insulin levels favor the liver producing ketone bodies, using acetyl coenzyme A it obtained from excess fatty acids provided by the adipose. Low insulin also causes activation of hormone-sensitive lipase, decreased glycogen synthesis, and increased gluconeogenesis.