Thyroid & Adrenal
Sternomastoid tumour is associated with all except
|A||Always associated with breech extraction|
|B||Spontaneous resolution in most|
|C||2/3rd have palpable neck mass at birth|
|D||Uncorrected cases develop phagiocephaly|
a. Fibrosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in infancy may produce shortening of the muscle and rotation of the head towards the opposite side.
b. In two thirds of cases, mass may be palpated in the affected muscle.
c. Histologically, the lesion is characterized by the deposition 9f collagen and fibroblasts around atrophied muscle cells. For up to 80 percent of patients, operation may not be needed, and physical therapy may be of some benefit.
d. When necessary, surgical transection of the affected muscle is curative.
Need not be always associated with Breech extraction. It can follow after any kind of birth injury