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Hypostasis versus bruise

Trait

Hypostasis

Bruise

Cause

Distension of capillaries & veins

Rupture of blood vessels

Site

Over most dependent parts of body

Occur at site of injury, anywhere on body

Appearance

No elevation of involved area

Swollen, due to collected blood & oedema

Epidermis

Not abraded

May be abraded

Margins

Clearly defined

Merge with surrounding tissues, not well defined

Colour

Bluish-purple

Varying colour according to age

Incision

Blood is fluid, can be easily washed away by a gentle stream of water

Blood firmly clotted, not easily washed away by a gentle stream of water

Effect of pressure

Absent in areas of less pressure

Little lighter over areas of pressure





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