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Medicine

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Respiratory

Question
1 out of 3
 

The most common cause for chronic cor pulmonale is: (PGI Nov 2011)



A Recurrent pulmonary embolization

B COPD

C Cystic fibrosis

D Bronchial Asthma

E Airway foreign body

Ans. B

COPD

Cor pulmonale is right ventricle enlargement Q with or without failureQ secondary to lung parenchyma, pleura or chest wall disease.

Causes of cor pulmonale

1). Lung disease

a. COPD (M/C cause)

b. Bronchiectasis

c. Pulmonary fibrosis

2). Pulmonary vascular disease

a. Pulmonary emboli

b. Pulmonary vasculitis

c. Primary pulmonary hypertension

3). Thoracic cage abnormality

a. Kyphosis

b. Scoliosis

c. Thoracoplasty

4). Neuromuscular disease

a. Myasthenia gravis

b. Poliomyelitis

c. Motor neurone disease

5. Hypoventilation Sleep apnea