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Orthopaedic

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Injuries of Lower Limb

Question
7 out of 52
 

The type of injury which causes more damage to the semilunar cartilage in the knee is (AIPG 2010)



A Flexion and extension at the ankle

B Rotation on a flexed knee

C Rotation on an extended knee

D Squatting position

Ans. B

Rotation on a flexed knee

Menisci (Semilunar cartilages) injury

a. Medial meniscus tear - usually history of rotational strain in weight bearing and partially flexed knee

b. Immediate inability to extend the knee, mild swelling due to haemarthrosis, full range of passive movements possible.

c. Movements of the knee actively possibly, but extreme flexion painful

d. Apley's grinding test is positive

e. Maximum tenderness at about point located in the joint line, in the middle of ligamentum patellae and medial side of the knee joint

f. Arthroscopy (diagnostic and even therapeutic.

g. The meniscus is tom most often in its posterior horn

h. The bucket handle tears are the commonest type

i. The history of sudden locking and unlocking with a click located in one or other joint compartment is diagnostic of a menisculs tear

j. The medial meniscus is tom more frequently because it is less mobile (being fixed to the medial cellateral lig)

Injuries of Lower Limb Flashcard List

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