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Physiology

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Respiration

Question
5 out of 33
 

True In Asthma. (AIIMS NOV 2009)



A Increased FRC Reduced Residual Volume

B Increased FRC Increased Residual Vol

C Reduced FRC Reduced Residual Volume

D Reduced FRC Increased Residual Vol

Ans. B Increased FRC Increased Residual Vol

Obstructive lung disease

Restrictive lung disease

Residual volume

Increase Q

Decrease Q

FRC

Increase Q

Decrease Q

Total lung capacity

Normal to increase Q

Decrease Q

Diffusion capacity Q

Normal (except emphysema)

Decreased Q

Vital capacity

Decrease Q

Decrease Q

FEF 25-75%

Decrease Q

Normal Q

FEV1/FVC (Most Imp)

Decrease Q

Normal to increase Q

Obstructive lung disease include Q: Asthma, Bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis & Emphysema (COPD),Bronchiolitis, Cystic fibrosis

Restrictive lung disease include Q:

I. Interstitial lung diseases (the most common ofwhich are sarcoidosis, rheumatoid lung, scleroderma lung, the pneumoconioses, histocytosis X, lymphangitic carcinomatosis, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)

II. Chest wall deformities (kyphoscoliosis, Ankylosing spondylitis, thoracoplasty)

III. Pleural fibrosis

IV. Alveolar-filling disease (alveolar proteinosis, alveolar cell carcinoma, des­quamative interstitial pneumonia, and alveolar microlithiasis)

V. Neuromuscular disease (e. g. , myasthenia gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,GB syndrome, Diaphragmatic palsy)

Respiration Flashcard List

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