Growth And Development
True about head circumference measurement - (LQ)
|A||Measured in supra-orbital ridge|
|C||Serial measurement is useful|
|D||Helps in measurement of neurological development|
a. Head circumference is measured from the occipital protuberance io the supraorbital ridge on theforehead.
a. If the head circumference growth exceeds 1 cm in 2 weeks during the first 3 months, hydrocephalus should be suspected.
b. In microcephally head circumference is two standard deviation below the mean for age and sex.
Option 'c, 4 e'
a. Head circumference measurements that progressively drop to lower percentiles with increasing age are indicative of a process or condition that has impaired the brain's capaclty to grow
b. So, serial measurement helps to assess neurological development and pediatric intelligence.