Diseases & National Health Programme
Which is not included in national population policy?
|A||To achieve NRR to replacement levels by 2015|
|B||To reduce IMR = 30|
|C||To reduce MMR = 100|
|D||100% registration of birth, death, pregnancy, and marriage|
(Ref: Park 22nd edition; Pg-455)
The GOI adopted the policy of attaining the NRR of 1 by the year 1996. NRR of 1 is equivalent to attaining approximately a 2-child norm.
If NRR is less than 1 the demographic performance of the country is said to be below the replacement level.
Demographers are of the view that NRR of 1 can be achieved only if 60% of the eligible couples are effectively practicing family planning.
The other 3 option are in agreement with the NPP 2000.
Although the NPP came into force in the year 2000 but the aim of attaining the NRR of 1 was earlier the goal of the national health policy, then of RCH program and then subsequently got incorporated into the NPP when it was drafted because the goal was still not attained. Hence the discrepancy in the time frame.
The other national sociodemographic goals to be achieved by the year 2010 are as follows:
a. Adress the unmet needs for basic RCH services, supplies & infrastructure.
b. Make school education upto the age of 14 free & compulsory and reduce dropouts at primary & secondary school levels to below 20% for both boys & girls.
c. Reduce IMR to < 30 / 1000 live births
d. Reduce MMR to < 100/ 100000 live births
e. Achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.
f. Promote delayed marriage for girls, not earlier than age 18 and preferably after 20 yrs of age.
g. Achieve 80% institutional deliveries & 100% deliveries by trained persons.
h. Achieve 100% registration of births Q, deaths, marriages & pregnancy.
i. Achieve universal access to information / counseling, and services for fertility regulation & contraception with a wide basket of choices.
j. Contain the spread of AIDS, & promote greater integration between the management of RTI & STI and the National AIDS Control Organization.
k. Prevent & Control communicable diseases Q.
l. Integrate Indian System of Medicine in the provision of RCH services & in reaching out to the households.
m. Promote vigourously the small family norm to achieve the replacement level of TFR.
n. Bring about convergence in implementation of related social sector programs so that family welfare program becomes a people centred program.