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Nutrition

Question
9 out of 74
 

Which is not true about diet modification recommendation in high cardiovascular risk group?


A Cholesterol less than 100 mg/day
B Avoid alcohol
C Fat intake at 10%
D Salt limitation less than 5 gm

Ans. C Fat intake at 10% Ref: Park, 22nd Edi, Pg : 591

The WHO Expert committee on Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease has recommended only 20 to 30 per cent of total dietary energy to be provided by fats. At least 50 per cent of fat intake should consist of vegetable oils rich in essential fatty acids.

DIETARY GOALS

The dietary goals ("prudent diet") recommended by the various Expert Committees of WHO are as below –

a. Dietary fat should be limited to approximately 20-30 per cent of total daily intake;

b. Saturated fats should contribute no more than 10 per cent of the total energy intake; unsaturated vegetable oils should be substituted for the remaining fat requirement;

c. Excessive consumption of refined carbohydrate should be avoided; some amount of carbohydrate rich in natural fibre should be taken;

d. Sources rich in energy such as fats and alcohol should be restricted;

e. Salt intake should be reduced to an average of not more than 5 g. Per day; (salt intake is more in tropical countries. In india it averages 15 g. Per day);

f. Protein should account for approximately 15-20% of the daily intake;

g. Junk foods such as colas, ketchups and other foods that supply empty calories should be reduced.

h. There may be conditions under which the above recommendations for daily food intake do not apply. For example, diet should be adapted to the special needs of growth, pregnancy, lactation, physical activity, and medical disorders (e.g., diabetes).

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