Which of the following is a benign polyp?
|B||Familial Adenomatous polyposis|
|D||Peutz Jegher' s syndrome|
Juvenile polyps have virtually no tendency to undergo malignant change.
More about polyp syndromes (very important):
a. Familial Adenomatous polyposis:
i. Prone to malignancy
ii. Commonly involves large intestine
b. Gardner's syndrome:
i. Associated with osteoma, fibroma, lipomas, epidermoid cyst.
ii. Congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium .
iii. Commonly involves large and small intestine
iv. Malignancy is common
c. Turcot's syndrome:
i. Associated with brain tumors
ii. Can turn malignant
iii. Involves large intestine
d. Lynch syndrome
i. Associated with endometrial and ovarian tumors
ii. . Involves proximal part of large intestine
iii. . High malignant potential
e. Juvenile polyposis:
i. . Can involve any part of intestine and stomach
ii. . Malignancy rare
iii. . Associated with congenital abnormality
f. Peutz Jeghers’ syndrome:
i. Can involve any portion of intestine
ii. Histologically consists of hamartomas
iii. Rarely causes malignancy
iv. Associated with mucocutaneous pigmentation, tumor of ovary, breast, pancreas, endometrium.