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Medicine

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Cardiology

Question
4 out of 24
 

Which of the following is a cause of high output failure? (AIIMS Nov 2009)



A Anaemia
B Hypertension

C Cardiomyopathy
D All of the above

Ans. A

Anaemia

Types of heart failure

I. Systolic / diastolic failure –

1. Systolic failure –

a. Dilated cardiomyopathy

b. MI

2. Diastolic failure –

a. Constrictive pericarditis

b. Restrictive cardiomyopathy

c. HOCM

d. acute MI.

e. Cardiac Tamponade

High output/ low output failure –

1. High output failure –Thyrotoxicosis, anemia, pregnancy, Paget’s disease, Beri – Beri. Q

2. Low output failure –

a. Ischemic heart disease

b. Hypertension

c. Pericarditis

d. Cardiomyopathy.

Right sided / left sided failure –

1. Right sided failure –due to MS pulmonary hypertension, congenital PS. Manifested as -increased JVP, congestive hepatomegaly and edema.

2. Left sided failure –Mainly due to aortic stenosis, MI, HT

Extra Edge:Heart failure does not occur in TOF (PGI Dec 2011)

Cardiology Flashcard List

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