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Demography & Family Welfare

Question
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Which of the following statements about ‘Late expanding phase of demographic cycle’ is true? (LQ)



A Birth rate is lower than death rate

B Death rate begins to decline while birth rate remain unchanged

C Death rate declines more than birth rate

D High death rate and high birth rate

Ans. C Death rate declines more than birth rate

In the late expanding or the third stage of the demographic cycle the birth rate tends to fall but the death rate declines still further and the population continues to grow as the births exceeds deaths eg: India, China, Singapore etc

High BR & DR-(so population remains stationary) characterize the first stage or high stationary phase of demographic cycle, eg; India before 1920 (option d).

2nd or early expanding stage: BR remains unchanged & DR begins to decline but population continues to grow as BR>DR eg: South Asian & African countries (option b)

4th (Low stationary) stage: low BR & DR with the result the population remains stationary eg: Austria, UK, Denmark. Annual growth rate of population remains zero.

5th (Declining) stage: population begins to decline as the BR is less than DR eg: Hungary & Germany (option a).

Demography & Family Welfare Flashcard List

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