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Medicine

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Endocrine

Question
26 out of 33
 

Which of the following drug is used in the treatment of postural hypotension? (AIIMS Nov 2009)



A Midodrine
B Fludrocortisone

C Octreotide
D All of the above

Ans. D

All of the above

Diabetic Neuropathy

Pathology

Axonal degeneration of both myelinated and unmyelinated fibres

1). Early: axon shrinkage

2). Later: axonal fragmentation; regeneration

3). Thickening of Schwann cell basal lamina

4). Patchy, segmental demyelination

5). Thickening of basement membrane and microthrombi in intraneural capillaries

Classification of diabetic neuropathy

1. Somatic

Polyneuropathy

i. Symmetrical, mainly sensory and distal

ii. Asymmetrical, mainly motor and proximal (incl. amyotrophy)

Mononeuropathy (including mononeuritis multiplex)

2. Visceral (autonomic) Cardiovascular

a. Gastrointestinal

b. Genitourinary

c. Sudomotor

d. Vasomotor

e. Pupillary

Endocrine Flashcard List

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