Diseases & National Health Programme
Which of the following hepatitis viruses have significant perinatal transmission:
|A||Hepatitis E virus|
|B||Hepatitis C virus|
|C||Hepatitis B virus|
|D||Hepatitis A virus|
Spread of infection from hepatitis B virus carrier mothers to their babies appears to be an important factor for the high prevalence of the HBV infection in some regions, particularly China and South-East Asia. Although HBV can infect the fetus in utero, this rarely happens and most infections appear to occur at birth, as a result of a leak of maternal blood into the baby's circulation, or ingestion or accidental inoculation of the blood.