# Solved Problems-4

Problem-4

Consider a monochromatic plane wave, where the electric field is given by

where
(a) Show that the electric field vector lies in a direction perpendicular to the propagation.
(b) Determine the corresponding magnetic field.
(c) Calculate the wave impedance and show that this is equal to the intrinsic impedance of the medium.

*E*_{0}is an arbitrary constant vector and other symbols have their usual meanings.Solution

Here,
By Maxwellâ€™s equation,
or,
or,
Comparing both sides, we get,
and

(a) Here, the electric field propagates in the

Since the electric field is directed across unit vector and the magnetic field is directed across the unit vector , we conclude that the two fields are perpendicular to each other.

(b) The corresponding magnetic field is given as,

(c) The wave impedance is given as,
This is equal to the intrinsic impedance of the medium.

*H*= 0,

_{x}*H*= 0

_{z}*x*-direction and the magnetic field propagates in the*y*-direction whereas the wave propagates in the*z*-direction. Thus, we can say that the electric field vector lies in a direction perpendicular to the propagation.Since the electric field is directed across unit vector and the magnetic field is directed across the unit vector , we conclude that the two fields are perpendicular to each other.

(b) The corresponding magnetic field is given as,

(c) The wave impedance is given as,