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Points to Remember

  1. Most GMAT arguments are inductive, not deductive.
  2. An argument is inductive if its conclusion does not necessarily follow from its premises—otherwise it is deductive.
  3. Unlike with deductive arguments, the conclusion of an inductive argument is never certain.
  4. The three major types of inductive reasoning are
    1. Generalization
    2. Analogy
    3. Causal
      • Confusing Correlation with Causation
      • Confusing Necessary Conditions with Sufficient Conditions
  5. The most common fallacies are
    1. Contradiction
    2. Equivocation
    3. Circular Reasoning
    4. Shifting the Burden of Proof
    5. Unwarranted Assumptions
    6. True but Irrelevant
    7. Appeal to Authority
    8. Personal Attack

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