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Introduction of Sentence Correction

The field of grammar is huge and complex—tomes have been written on the subject. This complexity should be no surprise since grammar deals with the process of communication.

GMAT grammar tests only a small part of standard written English. Grammar can be divided into two parts: Mechanics and Usage.

Mechanics concerns punctuation, capitalization, etc. It is not tested on the GMAT nearly as often as is usage. So don’t spend too much time worrying whether the comma is in the right place or whether a particular word should be capitalized. (For a thorough discussion of punctuation, see the Analytical Writing Assessment chapter.)

Usage concerns how we choose our words and how we express our thoughts. In other words, are the connections between the words in a sentence logically sound, and are they expressed in a way that conforms to standard idiom? This is the part of grammar that is most important on the GMAT. Six major categories of usage are tested:
Pronoun Errors
Subject-Verb Agreement
Misplaced and Redundant Modifiers
Faulty Parallelism
Faulty Verb Tense
Faulty Idiom

To do well on this portion of the test, you need to know certain basic components of English grammar and usage. The more familiar you are with the parts of speech (nouns, verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and so forth) and how they function in a sentence, the easier the test will be for you.

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